Monday, March 10, 2014

Reservation in Higher Education and Jobs- Divide and Rule Strategy

People are agitating…people are approximately hunger strike; Students have different views…professionals have different views. As per the interview with Cabinet Minister, (Human Resourse Development) Mr. Arjun Singh…on CNN-IBN, he is not prepared to accept any details plus fingers. In brief, following the interview he looks like a confused individual…may be an impact of his age. Lets commence within the pretty beginning, found on the 27th of June 1961 Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru (First Prime Minister of India) wrote to the Chief Ministers: I hate any reservations. If we go inside for any reservations approximately communal plus caste basis, we are going to swamp the bright plus capable persons plus stay 2nd rate or 3rd rate. The moment you motivate the 2nd rate, you are lost. And then he adds pointedly: This means lies not just folly, & catastrophe.

Lets take a look at other figures…”Learning from Past Experiences”…

NSSO, that is a government furnished body, has really inside its analysis inside 1999 – that is the many newest analysis shown – which 23.5 per cent of all college seats are absolutely with all the OBCs. And which is really 8.5 per cent lower than what the NSSO believes is the OBC share of the population. So, for a difference of 8 per cent, might reservations function as the appropriate method of creating up the difference? A research completed by the IITs themselves shows which 50 per cent of the IIT seats for the SCs plus STs stay vacant as well as for the leftover 50 per cent, 25 per cent are the individuals, that even following six years are not able to receive their degrees. So, clearly, inside their case, reservations are no longer working. Parliamentary Committee found on the welfare for the Scheduled Castes plus Scheduled Tribes states which “lookin at the Delhi University, between 1995 plus 2000, merely half the seats for under-graduates at the Scheduled Castes level plus only one-third of the seats for under-graduates at the Scheduled Tribes level were filled.

All the others went clear, unfilled.”

Sukhdev Thorat, the Chairman of the UGC. He points out which now, at high knowledge degrees – which is all colleges, IITs plus IIMs – there is absolutely a 1.2 lakh vacancy quantity. 40 per cent of these are inside training staff, that the IIT faculty themselves point out which they have shortages of approximately 20 per cent.

Fifty years following the reservations were produced, statistics show, according to The Hindustan Times, which total inside India, just 16 per cent of the places inside high knowledge are occupied by SCs plus STs. The quota is 22.5 per cent, meaning which just two-thirds of the quota is occupied. One 3rd is going waste, it really is being denied to others.

In brief, reservations mean a lesser-qualified prospect gets choice over a more qualified prospect, only considering inside this case, he or she arises to be an OBC. In different words, the upper castes are being penalized to be upper caste.

Why Quota? Why Reservations? Will this aid “underprivileged” communities to come at par with others? I don’t think thus. If the foundation is not sturdy…1 cannot create sturdy building approximately it. If you wish to bring everyone approximately same platform…strengthen the Primary Education; Improve the course material; offer teachers at which level plus create persons sturdy enough to compete with every different…offer the platform for institutes plus corporates to select the greatest.

Mandal Commission…A regretful step…First Major Step towards reservation plus quota program…beginning of caste based politics…

1) The Mandal Commission was officially called Second backward Classes Commission.

2) It derives its name from parliamentarian BP Mandal, whom chaired the Commission.

3) The Mandal Commission was constituted by the Morarji Desai government inside 1978 to consider action politics for backward classes, aimed at redressing caste discrimination.

4) The Commission Report was submitted inside Dec 1980. It desired reservation for 27 per cent of all services plus public sector undertakings beneath the central government plus 27 per cent of all admissions to organizations of high knowledge for Other Backward Classes (OBCs).

5) The percentage was over plus above the existing 22.5 per cent reservation for SCs/STs.

6) In Aug 1990, the then Prime Minister VP Singh assured its implementation inside government jobs.

7) It led to popular protests, that finally led to his resignation.

8) There were numerous self-immolations tries, including which of Rajeev Goswami, a DU student.

9) In 1993, the Supreme Court upheld 27 per cent reservation for OBCs.

10) However it was topic to the exception of socially advanced persons/sections from among the OBCs.

11) Children of Class I officers with money of Re 1 lakh were additionally excluded.

12) The exclusion-income limit was revised to Rs 2.5 lakh inside 2004.

13) The reservation came into impact inside Sept 1993 following the recommendations were accepted.

14) In Aug 2005, the SC abolished all caste-based reservations inside unaided private universities.

15) On Dec 2005, the Lok Sabha passed the 104th Constitution Amendment Act 2005, rolling back the SC judgement.

16) The brand-new clause permitted reservations for SC/ST plus OBCs inside private unaided educational organizations.

17) The newest controversy erupted over the government’s proposal to introduce 27 per cent reservation for OBCs inside central government-funded high educational institutes like IITs plus IIMs.

Earlier Mandal Commission identified 11 indicators for providing reservation plus quota is high knowledge. They were:


Castes/classes considered because socially backward by others.

Castes/classes that primarily rely approximately manual labour for their livelihood.

Castes/classes where the percentage of wedded ladies under 17 is 25% above the state average inside remote regions plus 10% inside urban areas; plus which of wedded males is 10% plus 5% above the state average inside remote plus urban regions respectively.

Castes/classes where involvement of women inside function is at minimum 25% above the state average.


Castes/classes where the quantity of kids inside age group of 5 to 15 years whom not attended school is at smallest 25% above the state average.

Castes/classes where the rate of student drop-out inside age group of 5-15 years is at minimum 25% above the state average.

Castes/classes among who the proportion of matriculates is at minimum 25% under the state average


Castes/classes where the average value of family assets is at smallest 25% under the state average.

Castes/classes where the quantity of families living inside kachcha houses is at smallest 25 % above the state average.

Castes/classes where the source of drinking water is beyond half a kilometer for over 50% of the homes.

Castes/classes where the amount of the house-holds having taken a expenditure loan is at smallest 25% above the state average.

We have enjoyed even throughout those years which “Reservation” is only not acceptable. Even when following Close to 60 years of Independence (we’ll be celebrating the Diamond jubilee year of Independence between 15th August 2006-15th August 2007), you are suggesting which you have not completed anything to mention the social status of individuals then you are really nullifying all of the achievements. Had this been performed 5 years or 10 years following the freedom…it might have been acceptable however, not following 55 years of freedom.


Need is to boost the standard of knowledge at “Primary Level”, create individuals competent enough to fight inside “Open Competition” plus to not reserve the seats or supply any kind of quota. The vociferous protest against reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) as well as the growing unease regarding reservations for scheduled castes plus scheduled tribes reflects the sharp conflicts that are erupting inside Indian society over the distribution of the limited amount of Government jobs plus educational resources. It ought to be noted which the vocal opposition to the reservations for OBCs goes together with a more disguised resentment against reservation for the scheduled castes plus tribes. One has just to remember to the Gujarat anti-reservation movement of 1981 as well as the latest December, 1989 U.P. agitation up against the Parliament extending the reservation of seats inside legislatures for the scheduled castes plus scheduled tribes for another 10 years.

The movement against reservations inside the present Indian context is retrograde plus objectively serves the interests of those whom find to protect the dominance of the upper castes. The plea against reservations is advanced found on the basis of equality of chance plus merit. In an unequal society like India, where scheduled castes, tribes plus shudras (the volume of who are the OBCs) have been discriminated against inside choice of job, social movement plus control over the signifies of manufacturing, all speak of equality, without taking into account this fact, reduces equality to the idea of formal equality.

As for merit, it is actually well potential inside India to discriminate inside recruitment plus promotions, found on the basis of caste prejudices or needs, militating against merit. Further, merit, because the Mandal Commission along with a host of alternative profits plus Supreme Court judgments have pointed out, need to be watched inside the context of achieving real equality of solutions, social environment plus compensatory discrimination to confirm social justice.

I summarize my feeling from the lines of following poem by Martin Niemöller (1892-1984) regarding accumulation of State energy by the targeting of certain groups 1 at a time catches the slippery slope of the law pretty well:

First they came for the Communists, plus I didn’t talk out considering I wasn’t a Communist.

Then they came for the Socialists, plus I didn’t talk out considering I wasn’t a Socialist.

Then they came for the Trade Unionists, plus I didn’t talk out considering I wasn’t a Trade Unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, plus I didn’t talk out considering I wasn’t a Jew.

Then they came for me, plus there was clearly nobody left to talk out for me.

Before I conclude, here are views of Mr. Sam Pitroda (Chairman, National Knowledge Commission), approximately reservation inside Higher Education plus Jobs:

There is nothing fundamentally incorrect with all the quota program because lengthy because it is actually used judiciously at the appropriate degrees. It cannot become a blanket answer for all time to come. It is my considered position to refuse labels found on the basis of anyone’s birth. It is an outdated, antiquated thinking to keep speaking regarding caste based disadvantages. The initial step for me is to refuse all these labels inside the 21st century plus focus approximately equality for youth. In my case, work, wise knowledge plus focus approximately development helped me a superb deal to overcome any disadvantages which I had as a result of what individuals nonetheless obsessively describe because caste.

Technology gave me an equal footing for everything I have completed inside my existence plus profession. I have mentioned this before. Technology is a astonishing leveler, next just to death. I have usually negotiated challenges found on the basis of my any little intrinsic merit standard plus perseverance. I have not taken the path of quota or reservations. I hope this shows that it must be potential.

What you require is to create solutions for everyone of equal merit to have right access. On this topic there are numerous views plus countless sentiments. At instances persons consider this inside terms of black plus white when there are numerous shades of gray.

Proper main knowledge is the key to building a sound foundation for high knowledge inside the college. I want you focus approximately this initial. I furthermore believe which each child need chance for wise knowledge without thinking regarding caste or money degrees. If the student is qualified you should discover funding to assist them inside universities. It is time to go beyond labels which stigmatize an whole group of individuals. I believe today inside the early piece of the 21st century you could create fundamental changes inside the method you approach the idea of knowledge, work, equality plus empowerment. But the point is it is actually time for a complete unique approach inside the 21st century. We cannot build the country inside the 21st century with all the 19th century mindset.

Looking forward to a comments plus opinion


Newspapers: The Times of India;Hindustan Times

News Channels: Star News; CNN-IBN

Sanjeev Himachali India E-mail:; Mobile No. +91-9876328841

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